Like all major religions, Islamic scholarly tradition has, over fourteen centuries, nurtured rival schools of theology and law which offer different teachings on how to be close to God and on the ideal form of socio-economic and political order. This project focuses on four Islamic scholarly networks with distinct intellectual histories and methodological approaches to Islamic reasoning:


Deoband/Tablighi Jamaat most visible in the UK


Diyanet/ Turkish Islamic network primarily visible in Germany and Austria


Maghribi/North-African Islamic networks most visible in France


Saudi Salafism with presence across the European context